From 2000 to 2015, the state lost nearly 800,000 residents with incomes near or below the poverty line. Nearly three-quarters of those who left California since 2007 made less than $50,000 annually. The leading destination for California’s poor? Texas.

Among U.S. cities with populations of over 30,000, only 20 percent of mayors are women. A 2015 report by the American Planning Association not only notes the lack of gender diversity in urban planning careers—the field is 42 percent female—but also the fact that women are more likely to be affected by urban affordability issues: Up to three-quarters of households living in public housing are solely headed by females.

In 2010, people were still calling Oakland a place where people could move if they lost their apartments in San Francisco. Now this city of 400,000 people, half of whom make under $30,000 a year, is the fourth most expensive housing market in the country ... in July of 2010, the median price of a home in Oakland was $349,000 ... Today, it's $606,000 ... Oakland is currently under a City Council–imposed rental market moratorium ... landlords can't raise rents beyond a small annual adjustment

It’s a transformation that’s happened in a blink of an eye, turning a neighborhood that in 2009 topped Compton in Los Angeles for the “most dangerous” title into something that looks and feels like Greenwich Village. And it didn’t happen by accident. Virtually everything that’s occurred...from the placement of the trees in the park to the curation of ground floor businesses—has been meticulously planned and engineered by a single, corporate-funded and decidedly non-governmental entity.

....a wave of young, educated, relatively high-earning workers [are] flocking to many American cities at a rate not seen since the U.S. Census Bureau began tracking such data in the 1970s. The shift began last decade and accelerated during the housing bust

And despite a big boost in numbers of neighborhood Divvy stations last year, only 10 percent of the city's 475 Divvy bike stations are in majority Hispanic neighborhoods and only 17.7 percent are in predominantly African-American neighborhoods. Those two population groups each make up roughly a third of the city's population.

What the old-timers were afraid of losing, many of the newcomers seemed unable to recognise. The tech culture seemed in small and large ways to be a culture of disconnection and withdrawal. And it was very white, very male and pretty young ... That a relative newcomer perceived Nieto as foreign says something unpleasant about assumptions about who belongs here and what kind of a place this is supposed to be.

In a neighborhood derided as “Crackwood” just a few years ago, demand is so strong that one in three Kirkwood properties sold for asking price or more in the third quarter of 2015. Compare that with the late 1990s, when urban pioneers could snatch a Kirkwood house for $61,500. By late 2012, the average sale price had climbed to $173,000; today it’s twice that.

Oakland’s MacArthur neighborhood has seen dramatic shifts in its composition over the last 30 years. In 1980, 14 percent of residents had a college degree, and in 2013 the number reached 38 percent, a trend the researchers say is due largely to newcomers moving in, drawn by lower rents and more public transportation options than elsewhere in the region.

There are currently 243 community land trusts in the country, the largest of which is in Burlington, Vermont, and leases land to about 500 owner-occupied homes.