if there is a noticeable drop in international enrollments, university revenue is likely to fall—and American students could face tuition increases to make up the difference ... Foreign students contributed $36 billion to the U.S. economy in 2015, according to data from the U.S. Department of Commerce. Students from the six countries affected by Trump's travel ban—Iran, Libya, Sudan, Somalia, Yemen, and Syria—contributed almost $500 million.

President Trump's plans to deport 2 million to 3 million undocumented immigrants won't come cheap.The Department of Homeland Security puts deportation costs at $8,661 per immigrant. The Center for American Progress...estimates that this figure would grow by almost $1,500 when the government increases efforts to capture more people inside the U.S.That means taxpayers may have to pony up $22 billion to $25 billion. And about one-tenth of that goes to transportation costs

For nearly 700 miles along the American border with Mexico, a wall already exists ... The border spans 1,900 miles across four states – California, New Mexico, Arizona and Texas ... About 40 miles past Ciudad Juárez, the wall of metal mesh abruptly ends, like a half-finished thought. The remaining border is marked by the Rio Grande. But hundreds of miles in rural Texas, including Big Bend National Park, are unfenced and lack any man-made barriers or walls whatsoever.

In a year in which Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump is proposing a crackdown on immigration, all six of the 2016 American Nobel laureates announced to date are immigrants ... top scientists come to the United States because of its research-friendly funding system.

people often respond warmly to qualitative evidence, such as the stories of individual migrants and photographs of diverse communities. But statistics – especially regarding alleged benefits of migration to Britain’s economy – elicit quite the opposite reaction. People assume that the numbers are manipulated and dislike the elitism of resorting to quantitative evidence.

The University of California announced sweeping actions...to protect its students who came into the country illegally, saying it would refuse to assist federal immigration agents, turn over confidential records without court orders or supply information for any national registry based on race, national origin or religion... UC does not track students’ immigration status... about 3,700 have obtained in-state tuition benefits under AB 540, a 2001 law designed to help those in the country illegally

Trumps... strong stance on fighting Isis and “Islamic terrorism” means he is unlikely to hand control of a country... to a scarcely less hardline group. The Baltic states are nervous about whether a Trump administration would defend them in the event of a Russian attack. Trump’s win certainly makes a president Le Pen more plausible. Trump has promised to reverse decades of US policy by recognising Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and moving the American embassy there.

Another reason why Canadians are not worried about immigration is that they feel less insecure... income inequality has increased since the early 1980s, but it remains considerably lower than in the United States. Poverty has fallen sharply since the mid-1990s. Low-income men...are less likely to die prematurely in Canada... America spends a larger share of its GDP on social programmes than Canada does, but Canada is more generous with spending that acts as a safety net.

The Census Bureau considers Latinos in the U.S. to be an ethnicity, not a race, and thus Latino respondents can also mark any or multiple races; about a quarter identify as Afro-Latino ... Mexican-Americans constitute 63 percent of the 57 million U.S. Latinos ... Of the 35.8 million people of Mexican descent in the U.S., 68 percent are native born, and more than a quarter of those born in Mexico have become U.S. citizens.

In 2014, just over a million people became legal permanent residents of the U.S. About two-thirds of them were relatives of current citizens or residents, fifteen per cent were admitted on the basis of professional skill, thirteen per cent were refugees and asylees, and five per cent were winners of a global lottery ... There were also, of course, unauthorized immigrants...estimates of this population have held at eleven or twelve million.