Alzheimer’s Family Care Centers, a San Diego nonprofit...has begun to create a very different sort of daytime space for its patients: a faux town of 24 buildings, arranged around a central green and designed to evoke the era when most of today’s dementia patients were young adults. The hope is that visual reminders of their youth will spark memories and conversation ... While the project is novel, the approach it reflects—known as reminiscence therapy—is common in clinical practice.

If there are enough cars on a highway, any minor disruptions to the flow of traffic can cause a self-reinforcing chain reaction: one car brakes slightly, and the ones behind it brake just a bit more to avoid hitting it, with the braking eventually amplifying until it produces a wave of stopped or slowed traffic ... Even when cars leave this traffic wave, though, the wave itself doesn't disappear: it gradually drifts backward, against the direction of traffic.

the process of finding out if things have been properly shelved is time-consuming and never ending ... Singapore’s National Library Board has a new alternative: a library robot ... The not-at-all-humanoid robot wheels around library stacks, using RFID and laser mapping technology to scan shelves with 99 percent accuracy. It then produces a report of missing and out-of-sequence books that can be given to a staffer for easy re-shelving

Damage to mosques, a monastery, churches and historic tombs caused by fighting near the Syrian city of Aleppo, and the destruction of monuments by the so-called Islamic State in the ancient cities of Palmyra and Nimrud, are being documented in an online archival system and made available to conservation experts worldwide ... The system is being used...to monitor historic sites in Syria and northern Iraq, providing weekly updates and an online inventory of thousands of heritage sites.

The journeys of most migratory animals, especially smaller species, are a mystery. Flocks, herds, and shoals are constantly crisscrossing the globe, but despite the intense surveillance of our planet, we often have no idea what paths they take...

....a wave of young, educated, relatively high-earning workers [are] flocking to many American cities at a rate not seen since the U.S. Census Bureau began tracking such data in the 1970s. The shift began last decade and accelerated during the housing bust

The universe is expanding faster than anyone had previously measured or calculated from theory. This is a discovery that could test part of Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity, a pillar of cosmology that has withstood challenges for a century.Nasa and the European Space Agency jointly announced the universe is expanding 5% to 9% faster than predicted, a finding they reached after using the Hubble space telescope to measure the distance to stars in 19 galaxies beyond the Milky Way.

By 2030, the number of Saudis over the age of 15 will likely increase by about six million, bringing at least 4.5 million new eligible workers into the labor force, ...That will more than double the size of the adult population, simultaneously stretching the kingdom’s cradle-to-grave system of handouts and subsidies to the breaking point...

Researchers estimate today's mangrove finch population is less than 100 individuals, and includes only 20 active breeding pairs. For a bird living on the edge of extinction, nesting success is utterly critical.

For the first time in history, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is fielding a small team of refugees – between five and 10 athletes who will represent not a country, but all those without one.